Question: What Are The Different Types Of Plastics And Their Uses?

What are 5 common plastics used in homes?

The 5 Most Common Plastics & Their Everyday Uses Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) …

High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) …

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) …

Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) …

Polypropylene (PP).

What is the toughest plastic?

PolycarbonateStrength, durability and impact resistance Polycarbonate is the strongest plastic that is 200 times stronger than glass and is warranted against breakage or cracks.

Which plastic is safe?

HDPE plastic is the stiff plastic used to make milk jugs, detergent and oil bottles, toys, and some plastic bags. HDPE is the most commonly recycled plastic and is considered one of the safest forms of plastic.

What is clear hard plastic called?

High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is a hard rigid plastic. A low-density grade ( LDPE )is tough and flexible.

Which plastic is best?

3 types of plastic that are considered as safer options among the others are Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), High-Density Polyethylene (2-HDPE), and Polypropylene (5-PP).

What are the 7 types of plastics?

The seven types of plastic include:Polyethylene Terephthalate (PETE or PET)High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE)Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE)Polypropylene (PP)Polystyrene or Styrofoam (PS)More items…•

What are the 2 main types of plastic?

There are two main types of plastics and these are named Thermoplastics and Thermosetting Plastics. Thermoplastics are made up of lines of molecules with few cross linkages. This allows them to soften when heated and to be bent into a variety of shapes and forms.

What are plastics and how are they classified?

Plastics are usually classified by their chemical structure of the polymer’s backbone and side chains. Plastics can also be classified by the chemical process used in their synthesis, such as condensation, polyaddition, and cross-linking. There are two types of plastics: thermoplastics and thermosetting polymers.

Who invented plastic?

Plastics: a story of more than 100 years of innovation Finally, the wide range of completely synthetic materials that we would recognise as modern plastics started to be developed around 100 years ago: One of the earliest examples was invented by Alexander Parkes in 1855, who named his invention Parkesine.

What products use the most plastic?

The Companies Whose Products Result in the Most Plastic TrashCoca Cola. Coca Cola. Coca-Cola was the most prolific, found in 40 of 42 countries. … PepsiCo. PepsiCo. Photo: Grzegorz Czapski / Shutterstock.Nestle. Nestle. … Danone. Danone. … Mondelez International. Mondelez International. … 7-Eleven. 7-Eleven. … Procter & Gamble. Procter & Gamble. … Unilever. Unilever.More items…•

What is the full form of PVC?

40 MV/m. Polyvinyl chloride (/ˌpɒlivaɪnəl ˈklɔːraɪd/; colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world’s third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).

What are 10 items we use plastic for?

For bars and restaurants that need to provide straws to those who legitimately need them, they can carry paper straws.2) Plastic Water Bottles. … 3) Coffee Cups with Plastic Lids. … 5) Plastic Bags for Produce. … 6) Plastic Take Out Containers. … 7) Plastic Wrap. … 8) Plastic Cutlery. … 9) Plastic Party Cups. … 10) Six Pack Rings.

Why is plastic harmful?

Chlorinated plastic can release harmful chemicals into the surrounding soil, which can then seep into groundwater or other surrounding water sources and also the ecosystem of the world. This can cause serious harm to the species that drink the water.

Why do we use plastic?

Plastic is: … Durable: because plastic packaging is so durable, plastic packaging can be very thin. This means it uses fewer resources and takes up less space for transport which means fewer trucks, trains or planes are needed to transport it. Versatile: plastics can be transformed in many different ways.

What is #6 plastic?

#6 Plastic: Polystyrene Number 6 plastic stands for polystyrene (PS) or styrofoam. This is one of the plastic recycling codes that must be avoided or, at least, reused as it is hard to recycle 6 plastic. … Plastic #6 is widely applied to packaging and insulation. So PS 6 plastic can be found in: Disposable drinking cups.

How can you identify a plastic?

One of the simplest ways to carry out a flame test is by cutting a sample from the plastic and igniting it in a fume cupboard. The colour of flame, scent and characteristics of burning can give an indication of the type of plastic: Polyethylene (PE) – Drips, smells like candlewax.

What are the different types of plastics?

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE)High-density polyethylene (HDPE)Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)Low-density polyethylene (LDPE)Polypropylene (PP)Polystyrene (PS)Other types of plastic (see list below)

What are the most common types of plastic?

Below are five of the most common plastics used for different applications along with their properties, uses and trade names.Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE)Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)Polypropylene (PP)Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE)

What plastic do we use everyday?

Decoding Plastic ID SymbolsPlastic NameCommon Household ItemsPVC – polyvinyl chlorideBottles, food trays, rigid sheets used for packaging, electrical insulation, irrigation pipesLDPE – low-density polyethyleneSqueeze bottles, wire insulation, grocery bags, trash bags, food storage bags5 more rows

What is the most used plastic?

Today, both High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) remain among the most commonly-used plastics. Both are strong, non-leaching, and frequently used in food packaging, but HDPE is less flexible than LDPE.

What products use plastic?

Decoding Plastic ID SymbolsPlastic NameCommon Household ItemsHDPE- high density polyethyleneMilk and juice bottles, dishwashing and laundry detergent, grocery bagsPVC – polyvinyl chlorideBottles, food trays, rigid sheets used for packaging, electrical insulation, irrigation pipes5 more rows