What Is Zener Diode With Diagram?

What is Zener diode and its uses?

Zener diodes are widely used as voltage references and as shunt regulators to regulate the voltage across small circuits.

When connected in parallel with a variable voltage source so that it is reverse biased, a Zener diode conducts when the voltage reaches the diode’s reverse breakdown voltage..

What is the main function of zener diode?

Zener diodes are widely used as voltage references and as shunt regulators to regulate the voltage across small circuits. When connected in parallel with a variable voltage source so that it is reverse biased, a Zener diode conducts when the voltage reaches the diode’s reverse breakdown voltage.

Why zener diode is heavily doped?

Zener diode is heavily doped than the normal p-n junction diode. Hence, it has very thin depletion region. … When the Reverse bias voltage reaches the breakdown voltage in normal PN junction diode, the current through the junction and the power dissipated at the junction are relatively high.

Is zener diode forward biased?

The Zener diode is like a general-purpose signal diode. When biased in the forward direction it behaves just like a normal signal diode, but when a reverse voltage is applied to it, the voltage remains constant for a wide range of currents. … The Zener Diode is used in its “reverse bias”.

How do you fit a zener diode?

To connect a zener diode is a circuit and provide a voltage regulation, the zener diode should be connected in reverse biased, in parallel on the power source which gives the zener diode it s voltage, along the source connected to a resistor. The 9v power supply drops across the resistor and the zener diode.

How is Zener diode value calculated?

Place the multimeter on a DC voltage setting. Measure the voltage across the diode by placing a multimeter lead on each terminal. It should read approximately 5.6 volts, though the value may be as low as 5.32 or as high as 5.88 volts. Note that the voltage between the battery and ground remains at 9 V.

What are the advantages of Zener diode?

Advantages of Zener diode:The Zener diode is less expensive than another diode.This diode can be used in regulate and stabilize the voltage in a circuit.These diodes have a high-performance standard.Control the flowing current.Compatibility and obtainability.More items…

How does zener diode works?

The Zener diode allows current to flow in the forward direction in the same manner as an ideal diode. It also permits to flow in the reverse direction when the voltage is above a certain value known as breakdown voltage. This device is named after Zener.

Can Zener be used as a rectifier?

A Zener diode is made up of p-n junction but heavily doped compared to a normal diode. As a result, it can undergo break down without being damaged. And Due to this property only, Zener is used as a voltage regulator in electronic circuits. In fact, Zener diodes are never used for rectification purposes.

What is the zener breakdown voltage?

The Zener Breakdown is observed in the Zener diodes having Vz less than 5V or between 5 to 8 volts. When a reverse voltage is applied to a Zener diode, it causes a very intense electric field to appear across a narrow depletion region.

Why is zener diode reverse biased?

Zener diodes are highly doped diodes. This means their behavior in forward bias will be same as a normal diode. But while in reverse bias their junction potential is increased. … So that means when the voltage crosses 6V then the diode is in Reverse breakdown and hence the current through the diode increases rapidly.

What is the difference between diode and zener diode?

Diode can conduct current only in one direction, whereas zener diode allows the conduction in both directions. 2. A normal diode will be permanently damaged for a large reverse current, but a zener diode will not. … Diodes are normally used for rectification, whereas zener diodes are used for voltage regulation.

What is the Zener current?

9.1. Current : The current, IZM, of a Zener diode is the maximum current that can flow through a Zener diode at its rated voltage, VZ. Typically there is also a minimum current required for the operation of the diode. As a rough rule of thumb, this can be around 5 to 10 mA for a typical leaded 400 mW device.

What is Zener diode made of?

The Zener diode is made up of heavily doped semiconductor material. The heavily doped means the high-level impurities is added to the material for making it more conductive. The depletion region of the Zener diode is very thin because of the impurities.

How does a Zener diode look like?

The Zener diode behaves just like a normal general-purpose diode consisting of a silicon PN junction and when biased in the forward direction, that is Anode positive with respect to its Cathode, it behaves just like a normal signal diode passing the rated current.

What is Zener diode in English?

A Zener diode is a silicon semiconductor device that permits current to flow in either a forward or reverse direction. The diode consists of a special, heavily doped p-n junction, designed to conduct in the reverse direction when a certain specified voltage is reached.

Why zener diode is called zener diode?

Zener diodes are widely used as voltage references and as shunt regulators to regulate the voltage across small circuits. When connected in parallel with a variable voltage source so that it is reverse biased, a Zener diode conducts when the voltage reaches the diode’s reverse breakdown voltage.

How do you read a zener diode?

The negative or black lead of the multimeter should be on the cathode or marked side of the diode. A forward-biased silicon diode should read 0.5 to 0.7 volts, so this is the reading you should see for the zener. To test the reverse-biased voltage, switch the multimeter leads.

What is symbol of Zener diode?

Zener diode consists of two terminals: cathode and anode. In zener diode, electric current flows from both anode to cathode and cathode to anode. The symbol of zener diode is similar to the normal p-n junction diode, but with bend edges on the vertical bar.

What is meant by Zener breakdown?

The Zener breakdown can be defined as the flow of electrons across the p kind material barrier of the valence band to the evenly filled n-type material conduction band.

What is Zener effect and Avalanche effect?

The Zener effect is distinct from avalanche breakdown. … The avalanche breakdown occurs in lightly doped junctions, which produce a wider depletion region. Temperature increase in the junction increases the contribution of the Zener effect to breakdown, and decreases the contribution of the avalanche effect.