Which Of The Following Is A Function Of IP Protocol?

What protocol means?

English Language Learners Definition of protocol : a system of rules that explain the correct conduct and procedures to be followed in formal situations.

: a plan for a scientific experiment or for medical treatment.

formal : a document that describes the details of a treaty or formal agreement between countries..

What are the three major network protocols?

Generally speaking, networks have three types of protocols — communication, such as Ethernet; management, such as the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP); and security, such as Secure Shell (SSH).

What is IP protocol in networking?

The Internet Protocol (IP) is a protocol, or set of rules, for routing and addressing packets of data so that they can travel across networks and arrive at the correct destination. Data traversing the Internet is divided into smaller pieces, called packets.

What are the types of protocols?

Types of ProtocolsTransmission Control Protocol (TCP)Internet Protocol (IP)User Datagram Protocol (UDP)Post office Protocol (POP)Simple mail transport Protocol (SMTP)File Transfer Protocol (FTP)Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP)Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)More items…

How do protocols work?

A network protocol is an established set of rules that determine how data is transmitted between different devices in the same network. Essentially, it allows connected devices to communicate with each other, regardless of any differences in their internal processes, structure or design.

What is a 192.168 IP address?

Using 192.168. 192.168. 0.0 is the beginning of the private IP address range that includes all IP addresses through 192.168. … One common IP address assigned to home routers is 192.168. 1.1. This IP address is used because the router is on the 192.168.

What are the two main functions of IP protocol?

An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two main functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing.

What is Internet Protocol and its functions?

Internet Protocol, or IP, is the method that governs how computers share data across the Internet. When one computer sends data, such as an email or a web form, its message gets parsed into small packets that contain the sending computer’s Internet address, the receiving computer’s address, and part of the message.

Which protocol is used in Web?

HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the most widely used web communications protocol.

Why do we need IP addresses?

An Internet Protocol address, or IP address is a unique identifier given to every machine in a network. An IP address serves two primary functions. … Because an IP address is a unique identifier, it allows computers to send and receive information to and from specific computers in a given network.

What is the main function of Internet?

The Pew Internet Project has looked at how people use the internet in four major ways: to communicate, to gather information, to transact personal and professional business, and to entertain themselves.

What is Internet Protocol examples?

Common Internet protocols include TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), UDP/IP (User Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) and FTP (File Transfer Protocol).

What is TCP vs UDP?

TCP is a connection-oriented protocol and UDP is a connection-less protocol. TCP establishes a connection between a sender and receiver before data can be sent. UDP does not establish a connection before sending data.

How do you classify an IP address?

Network Administration: Classifying IP AddressesIf the first bit is zero, the address is a Class A address.If the first bit is one and if the second bit is zero, the address is a Class B address.If the first two bits are both one and if the third bit is zero, the address is a Class C address.More items…

What is IP and its types?

An internet protocol (IP) address allows computers to send and receive information. There are four types of IP addresses: public, private, static, and dynamic. An IP address allows information to be sent and received by the correct parties, which means they can also be used to track down a user’s physical location.

What are the main functions of protocols?

Functions of protocols. Following are the main functionalities of a protocol: Data Sequencing​: It mainly refers to dive data into packets i.e. it divided the whole data into some packets. Data Flow​: It mainly deals with sending data to the correct destination i.e. the flow of the data is correct or not.

What are the 4 parts of an IP address?

IP Address ComponentsAddress Class. Early in the development of IP, the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) designated five classes of IP address: A, B, C, D, and E. … Default Subnet Mask. … The Network Field. … The Host Field. … Non-default Masks. … The Subnet Field.